Paperwhite narcissus

Narcissus 'Bethlehem'

Photo/Illustration: 
Susan Kahn
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Paperwhite narcissus (Narcissus 'Bethlehem')
nar-SIS-us
Synonyms:  N. 'Nony'
Genus:  Narcissus

This tender paperwhite is well-suited to forcing, blooming 4 to 5 weeks after planting. It produces 10 to 15 creamy-white flowers with pale-yellow centers on compact stems 8 to 10 inches tall, and exudes a mild, sweet fragrance.

Noteworthy Characteristics:  Great for forcing
Care:  Grow in average, well-drained soil in full sun or partial shade. In autumn, plant bulbs from 1.5 to 5 times the bulbs' height (3 inches or more in cold climates). Under glass, grow in 1 part grit and 2 parts soil mix. Deadhead seed heads (except those of species, for dispersal) and allow leaves to photosynthesize for 6 weeks before cutting back, including plantings in turf. Lift and divide clumps if they become overcrowded or perform poorly.
Propagation: 

 Separate bulbs and replant in early summer or early fall.

Problems: 

 Narcissus bulb fly, narcissus nematode, bulb scale mite, slugs, narcissus basal rot, other fungal infections, narcissus yellow stripe virus, and other viruses.

Overview

Height
1 ft. to 3 ft.
Growth Habit
Clumps
Growth Pace
Moderate Grower
Light
Full Sun to Part Shade
Moisture
Medium Moisture
Maintenance
Low
Characteristics
Fragrant Flowers,
Showy Flowers
Bloom Time
Spring
Flower Color
White
Uses
Beds and Borders,
Container,
Cut Flower,
Indoor Plant,
Suitable as Annual
Style
Cottage Garden,
Formal Garden,
Specimen Plant/Focal Point
Seasonal Interest
Spring Interest
Tolerance
Deer Tolerant,
Frost Tolerant
Type
Bulbs

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